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WOMEN AND WATER IN MALAWI. An Ill-suited Couple


Lourdes Segade

Lack of access to safe water obstructs personal development of many women in Malawi. Obligated by tradition they spend the day collecting water and cannot attend school or do productive activities. Water becomes something to even die for. (FULL TEXT AVAILABLE BY CONTACTING MALAWIAN JOURNALIST Pilirani Semu-Banda: psemubanda@gmail.com)


 

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Agnes Wilson at her home in Chinduzi, a rural area in Machinga District..In 1999, Agnes was attacked by a crocodile in the Shire River, where she used to fetch water from. Her hand was almost removed and since then her life has never been the same since she's now disabled. Nowadays Agnes has a tap at her place, provided by NGO Water Aid, but it is not working since October 2007, so she fetches water from a borehole digged by some villagers. "I am afraid. I never went back to the river to fetch water, nor to do anything else", she says.

Chinduzi area, Machinga, Malawi - 14/03/2008

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Agnes Wilson as she walks to the borehole where she fetches water three times a day, in Chinduzi, a rural area in Machinga District. Agnes goes there at least three times a day, for what she has to walk 1,5 Km from her home to the hole and back every time..In 1999, Agnes was attacked by a crocodile in the Shire River, where she used to fetch water. Her right hand was almost removed and since then her life has never been the same since she's now disabled. Nowadays Agnes fetches water in a borehole digged by some villagers. "I am afraid. I never went back to the river to get water, nor to do anything else", she says.

Chinduzi area, Machinga, Malawi - 14/03/2008

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Agnes Wilson as she walks to the borehole from where she fetches water three times a day, in Chinduzi, a rural area in Machinga District. Agnes goes there at least three times a day, for what she has to walk 1,5 Km from her home to the hole and back every time..In 1999, Agnes was attacked by a crocodile in the Shire River, where she used to fetch water from. Her right hand was almost removed and since then her life has never been the same since she's now disabled. Nowadays Agnes fetches water from a borehole digged by some villagers. "I am afraid. I never went back to the river to fetch water, nor to do anything else", she says.

Chinduzi area, Machinga, Malawi - 14/03/2008

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For the first time in nine years, Agnes Wilson is back at the place where a crocodile atatcked her while fetching water, in the Shire River, in Chinduzi, a rural area in Machinga District. In 1999, while she was sinking the bucket in the river to get some water –something she had done a million times– a crocodile bit her right hand. "I tohught it was the end of my life, since I tried to fight it but it was much stronger than me", she remembers, still with a glimpse of fear in her face. She faint and woke up in the hospital, terrified by what she saw in her hand: "It had been almost removed, and I needed three surgeries to get it fixed back". Since then her life has never been the same since she's now disabled. Nowadays Agnes has a tap at her place, provided by NGO Water Aid, but it is not working since october 2007, so she fetches water from a borehole digged by some villagers. "I am afraid. I never went back to the river to fetch water, nor to do anything else", she says. Very close to the Shire River, the longest one in Malawi with 402 Km, women in the area use this source of water to fetch it and use for domestic purposes. Even though NGO Water Aid has a project of Gravity-Fed Pipped Water to provide the area with safe water from Chikara Hills, 34 taps are not enough for the 16.000 to 20.000 people living in the area. Specially because the supply depends on pressure of the water, on the rains blocking the pipes and on other factors. The result is that many taps are not working or work with intermitent flow and women have, anyway, to go to the river. The Shire is as well the most important source of incomes for people in the area (fishermen, traders, farmers), but is also a home to killer crocodiles. Ten people were attacked by crocodiles in 2006 only in Chinduzi area, according to Mr. Alayanga, member of the Main Committee of The Gravity Fed Pipped Water Supply Skim and a villager in the area. They are mostly women and girls who, obliged by tradition, go

Chinduzi area, Machinga, Malawi - 13/03/2008

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For the first time in nine years, Agnes Wilson (left) is back to the place where a crocodile attacked her while fetching water, in the Shire River, in Chinduzi, a rural area in Machinga District..In 1999, while she was sinking the bucket in the river to get some water (something she had done a million times) a crocodile bit her right hand. "I thought it was the end of my life, since I tried to fight it but it was much stronger than me", she remembers, still with a glimpse of fear in her face. She faint and woke up in the hospital, terrified by what she saw in her hand: "It had been almost removed, and I needed three surgeries to get it fixed back". Since then her life has never been the same since she's now disabled. Nowadays Agnes has a tap at her place, provided by NGO Water Aid, but it is not working since october 2007, so she fetches water from a borehole digged by some villagers. "I am afraid. I never went back to the river to fetch water, nor to do anything else", she says.

Chinduzi area, Machinga, Malawi - 14/03/2008

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Agnes Wilson as she does the washing up at her home in Chinduzi, a rural area in Machinga District..In 1999, Agnes was attacked by a crocodile in the Shire River, where she used to fetch water from. Her hand was almost removed and since then her life has never been the same since she's now disabled. Nowadays Agnes fetches water from a borehole digged by some villagers. "I am afraid. I never went back to the river to fetch water, nor to do anything else", she says.

Chinduzi area, Machinga, Malawi - 14/03/2008

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Agnes Wilson as she works at home in Chinduzi, a rural area in Machinga District. In 1999, Agnes was attacked by a crocodile in the Shire River, where she used to fetch water from. Her right hand was almost removed and since then her life has never been the same since she's now disabled. Nowadays Agnes fetches water from a borehole digged by some villagers. "I am afraid. I never went back to the river to fetch water, nor to do anything else", she says.

Chinduzi area, Machinga, Malawi - 14/03/2008

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Agnes Wilson after having a bath outside her home in Chinduzi, a rural area in Machinga District..In 1999, Agnes was attacked by a crocodile in the Shire River, where she used to fetch water from. Her hand was almost removed and since then her life has never been the same since she's now disabled.

Chinduzi area, Machinga, Malawi - 14/03/2008

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Agnes Wilson at her home in Chinduzi, a rural area in Machinga District..In 1999, Agnes was attacked by a crocodile in the Shire River, where she used to fetch water from. Her hand was almost removed and since then her life has never been the same since she's now disabled.

Chinduzi area, Machinga, Malawi - 13/03/2008

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Sifa Kado, Village Head of Sifa Kado Village, as he stands beside the grave of Stelia Nkumba, a 28 years old woman dead in 2006 attacked by a crocodile while fetching water in the river.

Chinduzi area, Machinga, Malawi - 14/03/2008

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Pakombwere (around 50 y.o., sitting on the floor) with her husband, G.V.H. (Group Village Head) Magadi at their home in Chinduzi, a rural area in Machinga District..In 1978, Pakombwere was attacked by a crocodile in the Shire River, where she used to fetch water. Her hand was injured and yet now she has difficulties to use it properly. "Since I did not have any others means to get water I had to go back to the river, but I invented a system to not have to go into the water again", she tells. The invention consisted of a bamboo cane with a bucket at the end. It was once too attacked by a crocodile. Nowadays, when the pipe is not giving water, she goes to a close borehole.

Chinduzi area, Machinga, Malawi - 14/03/2008

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Morning mist at sunrise in Chinduzi, a rural area in Machinga District.

Chinduzi area, Machinga, Malawi - 14/03/2008

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Liwonde National Park as seen from the opposite bank of the Shire River.

Liwonde, Machinga, Malawi - 04/03/2008

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Cecilia Stefano (52) as she poses in front of a water pipe in Sifa Kado Village, in Chinduzi, a rural area in Machinga District..In 1969, when she was 13, Cecilia was attacked by a crocodile in the Likweno River, where she used to fetch water and swim. That day she had went out of school and went to the river with some friends to fetch water and swim a little bit. When she tried to get out of the water, she realized she wasn't able to move one of her legs. She had been bit by a crocodile and after trying to fight it, she was swept out one kilometer, down to Shire River. She was rescued almost dead. Two years in hospital allowed her to start living more or less normally. But she needed to have some flesh removed from her bottom in order to rebuild her left foot and join it to the leg again. It is very difficult for her now to carry the water bucket on her head, but she has no other option. "My back, leg and foot ache a lot when I walk for long distances", she says..Nowadays, when the pipe is not giving water (like the dry one in the photo), she goes to a close borehole.

Chinduzi area, Machinga, Malawi - 14/03/2008

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A schoolgirl as she carries water to her home at sunrise, before going to school, in Chinduzi, a rural area in Machinga District.

Chinduzi area, Machinga, Malawi - 14/03/2008

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Ester Faison, 8 years old, as she shows the wounds that remain in her leg one week after a crocodile attacked her when she was swimming while her mom washed some clothes in the river, on the 22 of March 2008. Living in Chikuya Village (Liwonde, Machinga District), the Zambuzi river is the only means Ester and her neighbors have to get water.."She's not the only scared one", Faison Simbwani, Esther's father says. "We are all terrified and we do not dare to go back to the river to get water; last night (30 of March 2008) the crocodile was sleeping in the bank". But they do not have any other option and they will have to go back sooner or later.

Chikuya Village, Machinga, Malawi - 31/03/2008

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A crocodile at Nyika Croco Farm, in Senga Bay (Salima District). The crocodiles farmed here are Nilo Crocodiles, the same ones that inhabit the Shire River and other rivers in Malawi. There are 17.000 crocodiles in the farm and the skins of the vast majority are sold to foreign countries (mainly to European ones) to make clothes, belts, bags and wallets. The biggest ones can weight up to 500 Kg. And the last data that workers have (unofficially) is that the price for one square centimeter is around 10 USD. Some locals report that last year two crocodiles from the farm escaped and appeared in Lake Malawi (some meters far from the farm), where they killed two people in the beach. The farm workers say this never happened.

Senga Bay, Salima, Malawi - 30/03/2008

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A water pump in Liwonde, Machinga. The waste of water due to badly fixed screws in the pump makes this place a suitable one for mosquitoes to spread, what also helps spreading malaria. Stagnant waters as well as the rains in the rainy season are major causes for water-borne diseases. Rains sweep the land and take wastes (over all human and animal ones) to the water sources, causing diseases.

Liwonde, Machinga, Malawi - 04/03/2008

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Students at Chigodi School as they use the wash-hand facilities built by NGO Malawi Freshwater Project.

Chileka Area, Blantyre, Malawi - 07/03/2008

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Students between 10 and 15 years old in their class at Chigodi School, Chileka (Blantyre District). Thanks to the NGO Malawi Freshwater Project both the school and the village have now water. Due to the lack of water and sanitary facilities, in 2005 this school lost 72 pupils between 12 and 18 y.o.. They were all girls who had reached their puberty and were shy of going to the bush to relief themselves and to manage when they had menstruation. They just decided to drop out. .Between years 2004 and 2005, Malawi Freshwater Project built latrines, urinaries and washing-hands facilities in Chigodi School. Some of the girls who had dropped out went back and started attending again. In 2007 not even one girl dropped out..It is estimated that latrines have a life of 10 years. After that time new ones need to be built.

Chileka area, Blantyre, Malawi - 07/03/2008

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Atupere (8 y.o.) as she uses the urinaries at Chigodi School, Chileka (Blantyre District). Thanks to the NGO Malawi Freshwater Project the school has now water. Due to the lack of water and sanitary facilities, in 2005 this school lost 72 pupils between 12 and 18 y.o.. They were all girls who had reached their puberty and were shy of going to the bush to relief themselves and to manage when they had menstruation. They just decided to drop out. .Between years 2004 and 2005, Malawi Freshwater Project built latrines, urinaries and washing-hands facilities in Chigodi School. Some of the girls who had dropped out went back and started attending again. In 2007 not even one girl dropped out..It is estimated that latrines have a life of 10 years. After that time new ones need to be built.

Chileka area, Blantyre, Malawi - 07/03/2008

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Latrines and other sanitary comodities under construction in Macheka School, Chileka (Blantyre District). Thanks to the NGO Malawi Freshwater Project the school has now water. Due to the lack of water and sanitary facilities, many schools are loosing pupils. They are mostly girls who reach their puberty and are shy of going to the bush to relief themselves and to manage when they have menstruation. They just decide to drop out. .Malawi Freshwater Project is now building latrines, urinaries and washing-hands facilities in Macheka School. In other schools, some of the girls who had dropped out went back and started attending again when they learnt the school had sanitary comodities. It is estimated that latrines have a life of 10 years. After that time new ones need to be built.

Chileka area, Blantyre, Malawi - 07/03/2008

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Eluby Josephy (14 y.o., in uniform) and Beatrice Banda (15 y.o.) as they pose in front of one of the latrines at Chigodi School, Chileka (Blantyre District). In 2005, Eluby and Beatrice dropped out of school for some time because of the lack of sanitary conditions. "We had to go to the bush to manage when we needed to relief ourselves, and we were feeling shy since we had grown up", says Eluby. Now they feel good in school again. "It is like being at home", she affirms. Thanks to the NGO Malawi Freshwater Project the school has now water. Due to the lack of water and sanitary facilities, in 2005 this school lost 72 pupils between 12 and 18 y.o.. They were all girls who had reached their puberty and were shy of going to the bush to relief themselves and to manage when they had menstruation. They just decided to drop out. .Between years 2004 and 2005, Malawi Freshwater Project built latrines, urinaries and washing-hands facilities in Chigodi School. Some of the girls who had dropped out went back and started attending again. In 2007 not even one girl dropped out..It is estimated that latrines have a life of 10 years. After that time new ones need to be built.

Chileka area, Blantyre, Malawi - 07/03/2008

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Members of the School Management Committee (SMC) of Macheka School, in Chileka area (Blantyre District), as they talk with Mr. Banda, Executive Director of NGO Malawi Freshwater Project. The NGO received a petition from the SMC asking for latrines and sanitary facilities. The NGO visited the place and decided to grant the school with what they were asking for due to the severity of the problems and to the seriousness of the community. Latrines, urinaries and wash-hands facilities are now under construction in Macheka School. However, the SMC and Malawi Freshwater Project representatives meet every now and then to discuss about the project and its functioning. They are volunteer villagers the ones building the latrines, and also the materials are always provided by every village in which they work. Supervision and follow-up are necessary. This NGO is also working on men sensibilization about water caring, since women are the only ones who fetch and carry the needed water to the building point..Due to the lack of water and sanitary facilities, many schools are loosing pupils. They are mostly girls who reach their puberty and are shy of going to the bush to relief themselves and to manage when they have menstruation. They just decide to drop out. .Malawi Freshwater Project is now building latrines, urinaries and washing-hands facilities in Macheka School. In other schools, some of the girls who had dropped out went back and started attending again when they learnt the school had sanitary comodities. It is estimated that latrines have a life of 10 years. After that time new ones need to be built. Studies of Malawi Freshwater Project determine that by improving sanitation in the villages there's a reduction of 36% in water-borne diseases. By only improving quantity and quality of the water the reduction is 17%.

Chileka area, Blantyre, Malawi - 07/03/2008

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Mezendani Chikwawa, (14 y.o., on the right), Loda Gundula (14 y.o., in the middle) and Elube Eloface (14) outside Mezendani's house, in Kakunga Village. They are in 6th and 7th grade in school. They combine their duties at home with their studies. Before going to school in the morning they fetch water and clean the house. And when they go back home in the afternoon, before studying, they help washing the clothes and the dishes, taking care of the babies and, sometimes, cooking. They attend to a school where there's water. They do not know any girl who goes to a school where there's no water..Due to the lack of water and sanitary facilities, many girls who reach their puberty drop out of school, because they feel shy for having to go to the bush to relief themselves and to manage when they have menstruation. .

Kakunga Village, Mchinji, Malawi - 19/03/2008

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Mezendani Chikwawa, 14 y.o., as she studies at her home, in Kakunga Village, while her father and other relatives store dried tobacco. Mezendani is in 7th grade in school. She combines her duties at home with her studies. Before going to school in the morning she fetches water and clean the house. And when she goes back home in the afternoon, before studying, she has to help washing the clothes and the dishes and, sometimes, cooking. Mezendani attends to a school where there's water. She does not know any girl who goes to a school where there's no water.

Kakunga Village, Mchinji, Malawi - 19/03/2008

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Elube Eloface, 14 y.o., as she does the washing up outside her home, in Kakunga Village. Elube is in 6th grade in school. She combines her duties at home with her studies. Before going to school in the morning she fetches water and cleans the house. And when she goes back home in the afternoon, before studying, she has to help washing the clothes and the dishes and looking after her younger sisters and brothers. Elube attends to a school where there's water. She does not know any girl who goes to a school where there's no water..Due to the lack of water and sanitary facilities, many girls who reach puberty drop out of school, because they feel shy for having to go to the bush to relief themselves and to manage when they have menstruation. .

Kakunga Village, Mchinji, Malawi - 20/03/2008

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Elube Eloface, 14 y.o., as she studies in her home, in Kakunga Village. Elube is in 6th grade in school. She combines her duties at home with her studies. Before going to school in the morning she fetches water and cleans the house. And when she goes back home in the afternoon, before studying, she has to help washing the clothes and the dishes and looking after her younger sisters and brothers. Elube attends to a school where there's water. She does not know any girl who goes to a school where there's no water..Due to the lack of water and sanitary facilities, many girls who reach their puberty drop out of school, because they feel shy for having to go to the bush to relief themselves and to manage when they have menstruation. .

Kakunga Village, Mchinji, Malawi - 19/03/2008

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Loda Gundula, 14 y.o., as she gets some dishes to wash outside her home, in Kakunga Village. Loda is in 6th grade in school. She combines her duties at home with her studies. Before going to school in the morning she fetches water and cleans the house. And when she goes back home in the afternoon, before studying, she has to help washing the clothes and the dishes and looking after her younger sisters and brothers. Loda attends to a school where there's water. She does not know any girl who goes to a school where there's no water..Due to the lack of water and sanitary facilities, many girls who reach their puberty drop out of school, because they feel shy for having to go to the bush to relief themselves and to manage when they have menstruation. .

Kakunga Village, Mchinji, Malawi - 20/03/2008

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Loda Gundula, 14 y.o., as she studies outside her home, in Kakunga Village. Loda is in 6th grade in school. She combines her duties at home with her studies. Before going to school in the morning she fetches water and cleans the house. And when she goes back home in the afternoon, before studying, she has to help washing the clothes and the dishes and looking after her younger sisters and brothers. Loda attends to a school where there's water. She does not know any girl who goes to a school where there's no water..Due to the lack of water and sanitary facilities, many girls who reach puberty drop out of school, because they feel shy for having to go to the bush to relief themselves and to manage when they have menstruation. .

Kakunga Village, Mchinji, Malawi - 19/03/2008

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Loda Gundula, 14 y.o., as she finishes studying outside her home, in Kakunga Village. Loda is in 6th grade in school. She combines her duties at home with her studies. Before going to school in the morning she fetches water and cleans the house. And when she goes back home in the afternoon, before studying, she has to help washing the clothes and the dishes and looking after her younger sisters and brothers. Loda attends to a school where there's water. She does not know any girl who goes to a school where there's no water..Due to the lack of water and sanitary facilities, many girls who reach puberty drop out of school, because they feel shy for having to go to the bush to relief themselves and to manage when they have menstruation. .

Kakunga Village, Mchinji, Malawi - 19/03/2008

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Three women queue at a water pump in Liwonde, Machinga District. They will have to walk some ten minutes to their village carrying the water on their heads..The waste of water due to badly fixed screws in the pump makes this place a suitable one for mosquitoes to spread, what also helps spreading malaria. Stagnant waters as well as the rains in the rainy season are major causes for water-borne diseases. Rains sweep the land and take wastes (over all human and animal ones) to the water sources, causing diseases.

Liwonde, Machinga, Malawi - 04/03/2008

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Phyllis Master at the water pump that provides with water her village, Samati Village, in Liwonde, Machinga District. Less than fifteen meter far the Hippo View Lodge counts with all the facilities for tourist lodging..The waste of water due to badly fixed screws in this pump makes this place a suitable one for mosquitoes to spread, what also helps spreading malaria. Stagnant waters as well as the rains in the rainy season are major causes for water-borne diseases. Rains sweep the land and take wastes (over all human and animal ones) to the water sources, causing diseases.

Liwonde, Machinga, Malawi - 04/03/2008

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Dandile is a popular place within Area 49, one of the poorest areas in Lilongwe. Women go there to wash clothes in the stagnant waters and also to bath their children..These waters are a breeding ground for water-borne diseases. The water might contain human and animal wastes, as well as soap and other products, becoming a threaten for those who use it for domestic purposes. Stagnant waters are also a good place for mosquitoes to spread, what might increase the cases of malaria, over all in the rainy season

Lilongwe, Lilongwe, Malawi - 16/03/2008

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The Lilongwe River from the market nearby (Lilongwe)..The river is used by people to bath, to wash clothes and pots, to clean shoes and other goods. .This is a breeding ground for water-borne diseases. The water drags along human and animal wastes, as well as soap and other products, becoming a threaten for those who use it for domestic purposes

Lilongwe, Lilongwe, Malawi - 15/03/2008

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Guardians in the Paediatrics Ward at Our Lady of Mount Carmel Community Hospital. 95% of the guardians in this hospital are women, who get stuck there, unable to dedicate their time to any other productive activity, rather than taking care of the sick ones, cooking for them, washing their clothes, etcetera. Besides the around 55 guardians, allowed to stay in the Guards at night, some relatives of the patients use to stay there too in order to help or to just be a company for the guardians. In the dorms outside, around 60 women and 15 men sleep every day and stay until the patients get better or until they are discharged..The rainy season is a breeding ground for water-borne diseases and for malaria. The rain filters human and animal wastes to the streams, rivers and underground waters, contaminating them. Afterwards people drink and use these waters for bathing and for other domestic purposes. In the rainy season the cases of malaria also increase due to stagnant waters, where mosquitoes spread

Kapiri, Mchinji, Malawi - 18/03/2008

Credit ©Lourdes Segade / EVE / Picturetank. Exclusivity only in France and Belgium.

 

Lourdes Segade / Picturetank SEL0153221

Guardians and companions cooking outside Our Lady of Mount Carmel Community Hospital. 95% of the guardians in this hospital are women, who get stuck there, unable to dedicate their time to any other productive activity, rather than taking care of the sick ones, cooking for them, washing their clothes, etcetera. Besides the around 55 guardians, allowed to stay in the Guards at night, some relatives of the patients use to stay there too in order to help or to just be a company for the guardians. In the dorms outside, around 60 women and 15 men sleep every day and stay until the patients get better or until they are discharged..The rainy season is a breeding ground for water-borne diseases and for malaria. The rain filters human and animal wastes to the streams, rivers and underground waters, contaminating them. Afterwards people drink and use these waters for bathing and for other domestic purposes. In the rainy season the cases of malaria also increase due to stagnant waters, where mosquitoes spread

Kapiri, Mchinji, Malawi - 25/03/2008

Credit ©Lourdes Segade / EVE / Picturetank. Exclusivity only in France and Belgium.

 

Lourdes Segade / Picturetank SEL0153224

Maria John has a private well in her house in Ntema Village, Mchinji District. Maria uses the water from the hole for cooking, washing clothes and cleaning the house and also for bathing. Since it is not safe water, she never drinks from it. Sometimes, when the water from the village water pump is not good she goes to the Our Lady of Mount Carmel Community Hospital, in Kapiri, next to Nthema, to get some chlorine from the Health Surveillance Assistant. Then she makes the water potable and drinks it from the borehole.

Nthema Village, Mchinji, Malawi - 19/03/2008

Credit ©Lourdes Segade / EVE / Picturetank. Exclusivity only in France and Belgium.

 

Lourdes Segade / Picturetank SEL0153228

Borehole in a street in Nthema, Mchinji District. The water in this kind of borehole is usually used only for domestic purposes but not for drinking, since it is not safe water

Nthema Village, Mchinji, Malawi - 19/03/2008

Credit ©Lourdes Segade / EVE / Picturetank. Exclusivity only in France and Belgium.

 

Lourdes Segade / Picturetank SEL0153179

Kafe and Kalo as they pass by a puddle caused by the water pump that provides with water their village, Samati Village, in Liwonde, Machinga District. The waste of water due to badly fixed screws in the pump makes this place a suitable one for mosquitoes to spread, what also helps spreading malaria. Stagnant waters as well as the rains in the rainy season are major causes for water-borne diseases. Rains sweep the land and take wastes (over all human and animal ones) to the water sources, causing diseases.

Liwonde, Machinga, Malawi - 04/03/2008

Credit ©Lourdes Segade / EVE / Picturetank. Exclusivity only in France and Belgium.

 

Lourdes Segade / Picturetank SEL0153233

Rather than swimming in Lake Malawi, kids in the area prefer to bath and play in the stagnant waters just some meters away from the lake. They are the same waters where women wash clothes and where goats around drink..In the many stagnant waters around it's plenty of coliform bacteries, which come from both animal and human organic wastes and which in high concentrations cause diarrhoea..

Senga Bay, Salima, Malawi - 30/03/2008

Credit ©Lourdes Segade / EVE / Picturetank. Exclusivity only in France and Belgium.

 

Lourdes Segade / Picturetank SEL0153230

Rather than swimming in Lake Malawi, kids in the area prefer to bath and play in the stagnant waters just some meters away from the lake. They are the same waters where women wash clothes and where goats around drink..In the many stagnant waters around it's plenty of coliform bacteries, which come from both animal and human organic wastes and which in high concentrations cause diarrhoea..

Senga Bay, Salima, Malawi - 30/03/2008

Credit ©Lourdes Segade / EVE / Picturetank. Exclusivity only in France and Belgium.



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